Bioetika a lékařská etika
he World Medical Association Statement on the Physician's Role in Obesity (Politika a lékařská etika)
he World Medical Association Statement on the Physician's Role in Obesity
Adopted by the WMA General Assembly, Pilanesberg, South Africa, October 2006
- Obesity is one of the single most important health issues facing the world in the twenty-first century, affecting all countries and socio-economic groups and representing a serious drain on health care resources.
- Obesity has complex origins linked to economic and social changes in society including the obeso-genic environment within which much of the population lives.
- Therefore the WMA urges physicians to use their roles as leaders to advocate for recognition by national health authorities that reduction in obesity should be a priority, with culturally appropriate policies involving physicians and other key stakeholders.
The WMA recommends that physicians:
- Lead the development of societal changes that emphasize environments which support healthy food choices and regular exercise or physical activity for all people;
- Individually and through medical associations, express concern that excessive television viewing and video game playing are impediments to physical activity among children and adolescents in many countries;
- Encourage individuals to make healthy choices;
- Recognise the role of personal decision making and the adverse influences exerted by current environments;
- Recognise that collection and evaluation of data can contribute to evidence based management, and should be part of routine medical screening and evaluation throughout life;
- Encourage the development of life skills that contribute to a healthy lifestyle in all persons and to better public knowledge of healthy diets, exercise and the dangers of smoking and excess alcohol consumption;
- Contribute to the development of better assessment tools and databases to enable better targeted and evaluated interventions;
- Ensure that obesity, its causes and management remain part of continuing professional development programmes for health care workers, including physicians;
- Use pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery consistent with evidence-based guidelines and an assessment of the risks and benefits associated with such therapies.